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Insecurity: Causes, and Solution, Islamic Perspective

Insecurity: Causes, and Solution, Islamic Perspective

Azeem Oladimeji Salako
18th April 2021.

Insecurity in the most ordinary sense mean the absence of protection, safety and assurances of lives of people as well as their properties.

The threat or absence of security is a social problem, thereby, ultimately caused by human transgressive behavior (genuine or ignorant), specifically those of the one’s bestowed with the responsibility of ensuring safety of people and maintaining law and order in the society. Insecurity can be attributed with myriads of causes ranging from threats to economic, social, cultural, welfare, among other aspects of human lives.

While it is a fact that insecurity is a recurring national issue, it is instructive to affirm the peculiarity associated with the nature, causes and effect of insecurity among units that forms the Nigeria nation. This is to defy the centralization of the prism of insecurity as it mostly (erroneously) sound to the public, and to say that different regions, states, local governments has unique pattern that characterizes their insecurity.

The basic and most succinct theory that explain insecurity is Tedd Gurr’s “Frustration and Agression Theory.” The theory implied uprisings and public disorderliness as a logical and inevitable expectation where and when deprivation, marginalization and injustices exist.

This thought is in line with basic Islamic tenets which highlights; eating the property of orphans, confusing reality as magic, and consuming others privileges as great sins. It suffices to say, that, where and when these occur, resistance in form of violence is inevitable.

The highlighted sins is metaphoric and can be likened to (a) government eating the commonwealth of the people, (b) turning governance of their terrain and people into rocket science, and (c) depriving them of their privileges.

It is appalling that government derives both economic (taxation) and political (legitimacy) pleasure from citizens, and in turn repay them with pains of; infrastructural decadence, political instability, unemployment, impunity, etc. etc. and this, they perpetrate in the most brazen manner. In the contrary, same government conceived insecurity as surprises and it’s inflictors as abnormal, they perhaps had imagined and expected the possibility of such a system whereby injustices and impunity will produce satisfaction, or at worst complacency of it’s victims.

Al Quran Suratul Al Imran verse 110 partly read;

_You are the best nations brought forth for (the benefit of) mankind. You enjoin what is right and forbid the wrong and believe in Allah_

The above Quran verse defines a nation and any human society under a system of organization and administration as the burden of elected or appointed leaders who should necessarily do what is right and forbid wrongs. Where and when these leaders; as it is evidently observed amongst most politicians, refuse to do what is right, through for instance; eating the rights of pensioners, denying the rights of citizens, turning man-made problems into magical solution etc.etc. – insecurity through the expression of civil disobedience, and public disorderliness became inevitable.

Going forward, to create a safe and secured society, the current crop of politicians at the helm of affairs across all levels of government in Nigeria must ensure that justice, equity, economic prosperity and welfare of the people are prominent. Additionally, the political leaders entrusted with the responsibility to ensure the safety, welfare, and orderliness of the people must realize that their fasting during Ramadan can only be acceptable until, unless and except they start acting in the way of a believer and not transgressors they have manifestly exhibit.

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